This instrument will enable the study of the interaction between the extremely intense LCLS x-ray pulses and the basic constituents of matter: atoms and molecules.
The High Energy Density (HED) Science instrument at the LCLS will enable the detailed study of states of matter created when normal condensed matter is suddenly heated to very high temperatures, well above melting.
This instrument will take advantage of the extremely bright, ultrashort LCLS pulses of hard x-rays to allow imaging of non-periodic nano-scale objects, including single biomolecules or small clusters, at or near atomic resolution.
This instrument, using the ultrabright, ultrashort x-ray pulses from LCLS, will permit a large class of dynamical processes in molecules and condensed matter systems to be studied directly, with atomic spatial resolution and sub-picosecond time resolution.
This instrument will enable the high brightness and timing capability of the LCLS to be applied to scattering and imaging experiments that require the use of soft x-rays.
The unprecedented brilliance and narrow pulse duration of the LCLS provides a unique opportunity to observe dynamical changes of large groups of atoms in condensed matter systems over a wide range of time scales using X-ray Photon Correlation Spectroscopy (XPCS).