Microtubules (MTs) are sub-cellular structures made of the protein tubulin. They have important roles in moving organelles around the cell and in chromosome segregation before cell division. MTs can exist in two states, either a dynamic state of growing and shrinking MTs or a stable state. MTs can also form complex bundles that can be found in neuronal axons. The neuronal protein Tau helps facilitate this process and has been implicated in some neurodegenerative disorders like Alzheimer’s disease. Yet Tau’s exact role in MT formation and bundling is unclear: different experiments (both in vivo and cell free) have shown Tau to mediate either attractive or repulsive forces between MTs.